Medicine, the science of healing may have started during the pre-historic times as evidenced by records showing the ancient Greek and Babylonian medicine. Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine, laid the foundation of rationale medicine from which modern medicine of today was patterned.
Both the traditional and modern medicine operates under the same principle - to provide healing. However, differs in guiding principles and many theories brought about by the continuous research and evolution and development of technology. How do the two differ and alike?
Traditional medicine operates on the principle of applying a single or in combination of approaches to treat, diagnose, prevent illnesses and maintain well-being through health practices or approaches that utilize knowledge and beliefs using plants, animal, spirits, manual techniques such as massage and exercises. Modern medicine on the other hand, involves the utilization and application health science, biomedical research and modern medical technology in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases. Also included are various procedures known as surgery which involves the manipulation of certain body structures and organs as a form of treatment of rehabilitation which are not common to traditional medicine.
With regards to medication, traditional medicine utilizes herbalism or the use of plants or herbs, procedures such as acupuncture, massage therapy and among others while modern medicine treat ailments with capsules, tablets, fluids, powders and gels developed through years of research and studies in pharmaceutical laboratories to bring about 100 percent accuracy and precision.
Modern medicine operates under the principle of accuracy, precision, urgency and promptness where no margin of error is allowed when it comes to saving lives. Indeed, prompt and accurate decisions are vital to life. An infected and ruptured appendix for example is given a remedy to which it is applicable - the removal of the diseased part and antibiotic coverage, no more, no less. In traditional medicine, trial and error is frequently the technique that is being utilized. Furthermore, if one technique fails, then another medium is used as an intervention. A swollen ankle for example, is applied with a certain herbal medicine. If it is not relieved, an alternative recourse is applied.
Although traditional and modern medicine shares the same goal, they vary in most major and important aspects. However it must not be forgotten that traditional medicine has greatly contributed and was a part in shaping the modern medicine that we are currently enjoying.
Today, many educational institutions have chosen to specialize solely in medicine with the aim of providing medical students the best standard of education for the foundation of accurate, precise, urgent and prompt medical attention based on facts, research and studies and not merely on hypothesis.